Diagrams help to visualize the network state information.
The network overview also referred to as “Walk”, shows sites connected via the routing edge. An overview serves as a general representation of all sites in the network and individual sites can be double-clicked for more detail.
Site diagrams display all devices discovered on the site. Sites are automatically calculated based on the administrative domain boundaries, such as carrier networks and other unmanaged infrastructure. Site boundary calculation can be configured in settings.
The site name can be changed when Routing and switching domain site separation is used (see Site separation settings for more information). To rename a site go to Diagrams → Sites, choose the site you would like to rename, click Rename site, enter a new name and click Rename.
Routing diagrams display contiguously, directly interconnected routers to form a routing domain.
Switching diagrams displays individual spanning-tree instances or a composite switching domain. Spanning tree instances are identified by a unique Root ID. The switching Domain is composed of contiguously connected spanning-tree instances, representing the maximum possible fault propagation in a Layer 2 failure domain.
End to End path
End to End path diagram displays a complete path between any two network endpoints. The reverse-path forwarding check verifies the path's viability. Only the actual network path is displayed, and missing parts denote unavailable network information necessary for completing the routing process.
The End to end path can be found in Diagrams → End to end path or on any diagram using three dots (see picture below).
Using the End to End path lookup
Go to Diagrams → End to end path or open the lookup using three dots on any diagram (see above). Enter Protocol, optionally TCP Flags, Source address and port and Destination address and port. Click Submit. An End to End path is generated and shown. This lookup will take into consideration if an ACL or firewall is in the way.
Host to Gateway path
Host to Gateway path diagram displays the Layer 2 path from every identified endpoint in the network to its active gateway router.
The Host to Gateway path can be found in Diagrams → Host to gateway path or on any diagram using three dots (see picture below).
Using Host to Gateway path lookup
Go to Diagrams → Host to gateway path or open it using three dots on any diagram (see above). Enter end Host IP address and click Submit. The end host must exist in the IP Fabric database.
Working with diagrams
Diagrams are composed of objects, nodes and the relationships between them. If no object is added to the Objects menu then all objects are displayed which is the default when the Diagrams → Network page is opened. If all objects are displayed, the objects are grouped into smaller groups (clouds) for better visibility. You can double click the object group to explore further.
Top-level view with all objects:
To display the required information, select on the right side Objects → Add Objects → Object type and Object instance.
One or more objects can be displayed at a time.
For example, to see a diagram of particular sites called L41 and L33:
- Select sites from Object type drop-down menu
- Select site name L41 for Object instance
- Click Add
- Repeat steps 1-3 for site L33.
Objects can be removed from the diagram by:
- using the X button for a specific object
- using the X button on the Remove Objects menu
- using the Remove All button to remove all objects from the diagram
Manipulating objects and nodes
Diagrams are generated automatically, but the following supported operations can change their layout:
- Pinch to zoom: touch & desktop (if supported by the trackpad)
- Mouse wheel to zoom: desktop
- Two-finger trackpad up or down to zoom: desktop
- Tap to select: touch & desktop
- Tap background to deselect: desktop
- Multiple selections via modifier key (shift, command, control, alt) + tap: desktop
- Box selection: touch (three-finger swipe) & desktop (modifier key + mouse down then drag)
- Grab and drag nodes: touch & desktop
The Center button can also center the screen view.
Save default layout (view)
After editing the layout, you can save the changes as the default by using the floppy disk icon at the top left corner of a particular object (see below).
Save and load view
Each object can have multiple views that can be saved and loaded again later.
Click the floppy icon to save the view.
Enter a name for that view and click save.
The view saved in this way is not the default view for that object. Please check Save default layout above.
The view can be loaded by clicking the folder icon.
Select the desired view and click to load (the white arrow down in the green square).
Export current view to PNG
The view can be exported in the form of a PNG image by clicking on ... and selecting Export PNG:
Search looks up any text currently present on the diagram. Typing query filters the view and clicking on the search button focuses and zooms in on the item.
The user can filter connection protocols between devices of the second and third layer of ISO OSI by using filters in the Protocols menu.
It is possible to use predefined filters or a filter according to your own specific requirements. Predefined filters can be selected from the drop-down menu.
Individual protocols can be show (show them on the diagram), fade (show them but without any description in grey) or hide (do not show them).
Link grouping means that protocols of the specific layer are not shown as separate lines but together as a single line.
Layer Grouping collapses groups of devices according to the types of links that connect these, either in Layer 2 or 3 groups. Devices connected with different layer protocols can't be grouped together.
All filters can be turned off using Ignore filters checkbox.
Device information deep dive
After clicking on the device, it is possible to obtain additional information about it and the protocols used on this device.
Additional display options
- Display wired hosts - displays an aggregated view of wired end hosts connected to the network. End hosts can be expanded by clicking on the edge device hosts are connected to and then Expand wired hosts button.
- Display access points - displays wireless access points.
- Display wireless hosts - adds wireless end hosts to access points view.
- Display unmanaged neighbours - displays devices discovered using CDP/LLDP with a management IP address, but IP Fabric cannot login to them.
- Show FEX - displays fabric extenders.
- Show site edge - displays site edge and connection to the transit networks.
- Hide boundary
- Hide Interface Labels
- Hide Protocol Labels
- Show ACL & ZBF
- Show QoS
- Show FHRP
- Show utilization - device average rate/site average rate. Min=0%, max=100%.
- Nonredundant devices - highlights in red the devices whose failure will cause unavailability of part of the network.
- Nonredundant links - highlights in red the links with no path redundancy.
- MTU Check - checks if MTU is properly set on the end of both links.
- Hub meshing - creates an aggregate hub for full and partial mesh topologies for improved viewing clarity.
How to use IP Fabric - working with diagrams and technology tables
The site represents a separate collection of devices. A site can be a branch, a factory, a production floor, a campus, or anything that might represent a logical group for a user.
By default, the Site distribution is generated automatically after the discovery process ends and is based on the rules described below. It can also be triggered manually without the need for the whole discovery process by going to Settings → Site separation (In global or Snapshot settings).
Routing and switching domain (default)
With this setting, you can manually edit the distribution of sites later. Sites can be also renamed.
By default, the site is comprised of the topology of all contiguously interconnected protocols, and the boundary of a site is formed by the network protocol relation that is not under management using the provided authentication credentials. The default separation is useful for MPLS networks where directly connected routing infrastructure at the site’s edge is not accessible. For situations where an inaccessible routed firewall is used at the site (i.e. device under different management team), an option “Firewall at site” can be turned on so the infrastructure before and behind the firewall is not separated into two different sites.
For networks that have direct routing connectivity between sites, such as DMVPN or Leased Lines (usually over Serial or MFR interfaces), an option to separate the site using tunnel and/or serial the interface should be selected.
For configuration go to Settings → Site separation.
Version 4.3 Example: